Dyslexia Handbook 2021:
Links to updated Dyslexia Handbook:
Title: Dyslexia Handbook 2021 Update: Important Changes for Families to Understand Created Date: 3/24/2022 12:51:48 PM
The Dyslexia Handbook 2021 Update: IMPORTANT CHANGES FOR FAMILIES TO UNDERSTAND ¿PARA ESTUDIANTES CON SOSPECHA DE TENER DISLEXIA? Si su escuela sospecha que su hijo tiene dislexia o disgrafía y necesita servicios, la escuela debe solicitar su
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Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction. Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.” Students suspected of having dyslexia are identified through a formal evaluation process in Brownfield ISD through a Full Individual Initial Evaluation, (FIIE), under IDEA. (2021 Update Dyslexia Handbook). Following the completion of the evaluation, a written report is generated and reviewed by the ARD Committee. Independant education evaluations for dyslexia will be considered.
Elementary and Secondary campuses offer a continuum of services for students with dyslexia. Some students may only require instructional accommodation through IDEA, others may need direct intensive instruction in reading, and others may require the much more intensive supports and services of special education. Because dyslexia ranges from very mild to very severe, it is crucial that individual needs are considered when planning for student success.
If you have concerns that your child may have dyslexia, please contact your child's teacher, counselor, or principal to find out more about the Student Intervention Team process.
Information about IDEA, Dyslexia, MTSS, and 504:
Special Education or IEP-Related Questions? Consult SPEDTex, the Texas Special Education Information Center.This is a resource backed by TEA to inform and support parents, teachers, and anyone committed to the success of children with disabilities.
Texas Education Code Section 38.003
(a) Students enrolling in public schools in this state shall be screened or tested, as appropriate, for dyslexia and related disorders at appropriate times in accordance with a program approved by the State Board of Education.
Instruction for Students with Dyslexia
The ARD committee or Sectin 504 committee will make the decision whether the student has met the criteria for the disability of dyslexia. The appropriate committee will then need to determine if the student will need one or all of the following:
· Accommodations based on the student’s individual needs for the disability of dyslexia
· Interventions in reading based on the student’s individual needs for the disability of dyslexia.
Components of Instruction
The intervention program should be offered in a small class setting and include reading, writing, and spelling as appropriate for each student. The major instructional strategies should utilize individualized, intensive, and multi-sensory methods as appropriate.
Components of instruction, as appropriate for the reading needs of the student, include the following:
· Phonemic awareness instruction that enables students to detect, segment, blend, and manipulate sounds in spoken language;
· Graphophonemic knowledge (phonics) instruction that takes advantage of the letter-sound plan in which words carry meaning are made of sounds and sounds are written with letters in the right order. Students with this understanding can blend sounds associated with letters into words and can separate words into component sound for spelling and writing;
· Language structure instruction that encompasses morphology (the study of meaningful units of language such as prefixes, suffixes, and roots), semantics (ways that language conveys meaning), syntax (sentence structure), and pragmatics (how to use language in a particular context);
· Linguistic instruction directed toward proficiency and fluency with the patterns of language so that words and sentences are the carriers of meaning;
· Strategy-oriented instruction in the strategies students use for decoding, encoding, word recognition, fluency, and comprehension that students need to become independent readers.
Instructional approaches, as appropriate to meet the instructional needs of the student to include:
· Explicit, direct instruction that is systematic (structured), sequential, and cumulative.
Instruction is organized and presented in a way that follows a logical sequential plan, fits the nature of language (alphabetic principal) with no assumption of prior skills or language knowledge, and maximizes student engagement. This instruction proceeds at the rate commensurate with students’ needs, ability levels, and demonstration of progress;
· Individualized instruction that meets the specific learning needs of each individual student in a small group setting;
· A reading curriculum that matches each student’s individual ability level and contains all of the components of instruction listed above;
· Intensive, highly concentrated instruction that maximizes student engagement, uses specialized methods and materials, produces results, and weekly progress monitoring to ensure adequate progress and learning, appropriate setting outside the class designated by the school;
· Meaning-based instruction that is directed toward purposeful reading and writing, with an emphasis on comprehension and composition;
· Multi-sensory instruction that incorporates the simultaneous use of two or more sensory pathways (auditory, visual, kinesthetic, tactile) during teacher presentations and student practice.